With the advent and flourishing of the IT industry, the term “Business Analyst” is something we hear very commonly. Many people are not clear about the exact role of a Business Analyst. This article will throw some light on the role of a Business Analyst. A Business Analyst identifies and analyses the business, policies, requirements and structure of organizations and assesses their integration with technology.
A Business analyst is extremely important to any organization as he/she forms a liaison with a potential customer to understand their requirements and come up with suitable business models in conjunction with technological solutions to satisfy customer need. In other words, you can also say that a Business analyst forms an interface between a prospective client and a service provider.
Role of a Business Analyst
The role of a Business Analyst described here is from the prospective of an IT organization. In the first phase of the Software Design Lifecycle (SDLC), a Business Analyst is involved in gathering the business requirements of a client and then come up with cost and effort estimates to accomplish the task. The main deliverable expected from a Business Analyst at the end of this phase is a Project Initiation document that details the scope of the project, project goals, project execution methodology, and more.
The next phase is to develop the Functional Requirement specification – here the Business Analyst will actually design the system that will satisfy the business requirements of the customer. This Function Requirement specification consists of various screens and other application features required to execute the business requirement.
Once the functional specification is ready, the Business Analyst passes this onto to the technical team that translates these specifications into a program or an application. The Business Analyst assists and monitors the progress of the task and gives inputs to the technical team when required.
Once the application is delivered to the customer, a Business Analyst regularly seeks feedback from the customer and assists in any trouble-shooting required for the application.
Who can become a Business Analyst
Any graduate or a post graduate in engineering, management, mathematics, science, etc can aspire to become a Business analyst. Significant exposure to Project Management can accelerate your path to becoming a Business Analyst. Excellent communication skills, great customer management skills, good analytical ability are the essential pre-requisites to becoming a successful Business Analyst.