The field of Engineering is defined as the profession where technical, scientific, and mathematical knowledge are applied to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes. Engineering consists of several sub-disciplines, such as: Aerospace/Aeronautical, Biological/Agricultural, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Computer Engineering, Electrical/Electronic/Communications, Engineering Science/Engineering Physics, Environmental/Environmental Health, Industrial/Manufacturing, Materials and Mechanical.
The top Engineering colleges in the world are from mainly from US. These Institutes provide engineering degrees, the highest of which is a doctorate:
MIT, University of California, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, University of Cambridge- UK, Carnegie Mellon University, Imperial College –UK, Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Tokyo-Japan, University of Toronto-Canada, National University of Singapore, Tsinghua University-China, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology-Switzerland, University of Oxford-UK, Princeton University etc.
Other best Engineering Universities in USA are: University of California, Harvard University, University of Illinois, Cornell University, University of Texas and Purdue University.
Best US Engineering Universities providing undergraduate courses (where there is no doctorate degree offered) are- Harvey Mudd College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Cooper Union, United States Military Academy, United States Naval Academy, California Polytechnic State University–San Luis Obispo, United States Air Force Academy, Bucknell University, Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, Milwaukee School of Engineering and Villanova University.
Apart from financial assistance offered by the respective University of study, the following details of engineering fellowship & scholarship programs can help in your financial decision–making:
The National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program (NDSEG) – Stipends begins at $30500 for first year, $31000 for second year, and $31500 for third year
The National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program (NSF GRFP) – Stipend of $30000 a year for three years and a $10500 cost of education allowance
The National Science Foundation East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students (EAPSI)- Stipend of $5000, cost of living expenses, and round-trip airfare
Science, Mathematics, And Research for Transformation Defense Scholarship for Service Program (SMART)- Comes with an employment obligation to the DoD
Naval Research Enterprise Intern Program (NREIP) & NASA Aeronautics Scholarship Program
Scholarships for Engineering studies include:
$ 7500 worth Barry Goldwater Scholarship for 300 students
$ 2500 worth Hispanic College Fund for Hispanic high school graduates
$1000 worth Korean-American Scientists and Engineers Association Scholarships for 8 Korean American students
$100 to $1000 worth Association for Women in Science Scholarships for women candidates
$3000 to $10,000 worth American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Scholarship $1000 to $10, 000 worth American Radio Relay League Foundation Scholarships
$2500 (for undergraduates) & $3500 (for graduates) worth American Society of Naval Engineers scholarships and finally $10,000 worth Astronaut Scholarship Foundation.