Universities in Finland

Finland has a large network of universities and polytechnic institutions. Currently, it has twenty one university level institutions and thirty polytechnics.

These universities offer education in varied fields such as information technology, biotechnology, environmental sciences, architecture, music, art, and designThey offer more than 450 international study programmes in varied disciplines, which are taught in English.

Approximately, ten of these institutions are multi faculty universities offering about twenty major fields of study. While, three of the universities are schools of economics and business administration, three specialise in technology and four are art academies. Most of the Finnish universities offer doctoral level education in the country.

The most sought after courses are in engineering, humanities and natural sciences. The country has internationally recognised expertise in the areas of ICT, biotechnology, forestry and environmental sciences, architecture, and arts and design.

These are spread across the entire country, in cities as well as rural areas. However, the quality of education provided is the same despite the type of institution or its location. There is hardly any difference in the infrastructure, student services, teaching and research facilities also. This standard level of education can be attributed to the quality assurance system. The quality of education in the country is superior while the cost of education is reasonable.

Finnish education institutions offer bachelors, master and doctoral level programmes. Bachelor’s degree in Finland is for the duration of three to four years and is looked upon only as an intermediate degree. The master’s degree comprises of five years and is considered as the basic degree in the Finnish education system.

Finnish institutions are very supportive of all research and development activities. They direct substantial finds and investments towards them. Furthermore, many institutions have internationally recognized expertise in a number of fields.

The post-graduate degree or the doctorate degree involves independent but supervised research work. It also requires participation in research seminars. Some students might have to undertake subsidiary studies or even produce scientific publications.

All the doctoral theses are published and defended in a public debate. Mostly a doctorate study programme consists of three or four years of full time study. However, it can even extend to longer than four years.

All Finnish degrees are recognized at a global level. The degree structure of the universities was amended to become internationally compatible in 2005. Now, all programmes in Finland are based on the joint European credit transfer system (ECTS). This facilitates international transparency and recognition.